THE DOXOLOGY: Romans 16:17-27

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ROMANS 16:17-27 17 I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them. 18 For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive. 19 For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil. 20 The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

21 Timothy, my fellow worker, greets you; so do Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.
22 I Tertius, who wrote this letter, greet you in the Lord.
23 Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus, greet you.

25 Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages 26 but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith— 27 to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.


  1. What does Paul appeal to Christians to watch out for in verse 17? What do these things mean? What does he say to do concerning such men or women?
  2. According to verse 18, what are persons who “cause divisions and create obstacles contrary” not doing? If they are not serving our Lord Christ, what does Paul say they are “[serving]”? How do they do this, according to the last part of verse 18? Who are especially susceptible to those who “cause division and create obstacles”?
  3. Read verse 19. What does Paul commend these Christians for? Nevertheless, what reason does he give for issuing the warnings and commands of verses 17-18?
  4. How should the promise of verse 20 sustain you as you trust and obey Jesus throughout your entire life? How does Genesis 3:15 help us further understand what Paul is likely referring to?
  5. Read verses 21-23. What do we learn here? What do we know of these men from elsewhere in Scripture?
  6. Read verses 25. What is the very first attribute of God that Paul mentions in this Doxology? *Doxology: “a liturgical formula of praise to God.” What does Paul remind us that God is able to do? How does God do it according to verse 25? What is this “mystery that was kept secret for long ages”? How has this “mystery” “been disclosed” according to verse 26? What does this teach us about the written Word of God?
  7. According to the second half of verse 26, why has this “mystery…been disclosed…[and] made known to all nations”? What is the obedience to God’s command intended by God to bring about? How does Romans 1:5 help shed light on what Paul is getting at?
  8. What does Paul attribute to God in verse 27? What is Paul most desiring to bring about through his ministry according to the end of this letter? Noting the word “through,” how is God to be glorified (ascribed glory)?


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